lithium chloride hygroscopic
By browsing our website without changing the browser settings you grant us permission to store that information on your device. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. email: email@example.com. Flash point data for this chemical are not available. Lithium chloride is hygroscopic salt with the formula LiCl. Causes serious eye irritation. Angew. Ambient temperatures. As an ionic chloride, LiCl is commonly used as a source of chloride ion in chemical reactions. CARE Home | Personal Care specialty chemicals. © Copyright 2020 CARE. At 25 °C (77 °F) a saturated solution (45.8%) of the salt will yield an equilibrium relative humidity of 11.30%. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: “Lithium chloride.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lithium%20chloride. Lithium has medical applications as well. Fax: 1-800-322-4757 Insoluble in dichloromethane. Int. The salt is a normal ionic compound, although the Li + ion is small in size, it produces unrecognized effects for other alkali metal chlorides, such as exceptional solubility in polar solvents and its hygroscopic properties. Lithium chloride are highly hygroscopic crystals with octahedral geometry similar to that of sodium chloride. Synthesis 2007, 2565-2570. Causes skin irritation. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Fumo, N.; Goswami, D. Y. Lithium chloride is hygroscopic salt with the formula LiCl. Nitinol Nickel Titanium Shape Memory Alloys, Specpure® Inorganic Standards for Water Analysis, Specpure® Oil-Based Standards for Wear Metal Analysis, Specpure® XRF Standards for Petroleum Products, Cellular Growth & Attachment Factors - BT Products, POCO Electron Beam Crucibles & Hearth Shields (Carbon Graphite), Boron, Phosphorus, Silicon, and Sulfur Compounds, Sugars, Steroids, Amino Acids, and Nucleotides, Precious Metal Compounds - Homogeneous Catalysts. You can disable the usage of cookies by changing the settings of your browser. The resulting solution is evaporated to get a mixture of saturated solution and lithium chloride crystals.  The anhydrous salt can be regenerated by heating the hydrates. Lithium Sources . LiCl also absorbs up to four equivalents of ammonia/mol. Fax: 1-978-521-6350 Lithium chloride and lithium bromide are highly hygroscopic, so they are used as drying agents. Being biologically significant, it finds applications in a wide variety of assays to study cell-fate and neurobiology. Its chemical formula is LiCl. This white ionic compound is not only very soluble in water (569 g/L) but also in other polar solvents (alcohol, acetone). Lithium chloride is useful for the production of lithium metal, and for the generation of Mn (0) species which can be used in free radical cyclizations. It is made by the action of hydrochloric acid on lithium hydroxide. 99.2: Impurity max H 2 O 0.3: OH 0.02 Na+K 0.15: Fe 2 O 3 0.005: SO 4 0.01: HCl-insolubles. Chen, H. -C.; Chien, W. -C.; Changc, M. -Y.; Hsieh, M. -Y.; Lai, M. -D.; Maa, M. -C.; Leu, T. -H., The iNOS/Src/FAK axis contributes to lithium chloride-mediated macrophage migration. Apart from being a source of chloride, it serves as an additive in the Stille reaction in organic synthesis, and to precipitate RNA from cellular extracts. Precautionary Statements: The percent relative humidity at 25 °C (77 °F) can be estimated, with minimal error in the range 10–30 °C (50–86 °F), from the following first order equation: RH=107.93-2.11C, where C is solution LiCl concentration, percent by mass. Deng, L.-J. Clear, Add the items to your existing shopping cart? Study of an Aqueous Lithium Chloride Desiccant System: Air Dehumidification and Desiccant Regeneration. Its crystalline structure is presented in figure 3 (Winter, S.F.). Maroon Group’s portfolio of companies. Learn a new word every day. Its other uses include: Making lithium metal through electrolysis of molten LiCl/KCl, Brazing flux for welding aluminum auto parts; In dry air streams, LiCl is used as a desiccant; Organic synthesis - it is an additive in Stille Reaction; Flame colorant as it produced dark red flames; Used in the process of calibrating hygrometers; In molten form, LiCl can be used to produce lithium niobate, and carbon nanotubes; When handling LiCl, precautions must be observed because the chemical has a variety of adverse effects on the central nervous system. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? All Rights Reserved. More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes. Their appearance is shown in figure 2. When hydrated, the salt crystallizes, but the process can be reversed through heating to obtain the anhydrous salt.
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