> endobj 38 0 obj << 11 0 obj @����I�B�۰�r[8o:��7��0t`G ��; 8VB����l$kNYE�Ѽ����d���L�������2��P!��ڒ����WYTv�� ��:�hˠ�틬�yt���m�x'��ڰ��@[���������y�iR�sh���j$DPV��x��&���-O2[�p�܁��-u�I嶴� G�ƒB3���kF6�Yy & ��˓�R��ѥ?���UP���V������l`N��X���k��"/��!����WZ` ��U�@o��Om�hp�+�B�ݚ�f <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] 71 0 obj << 8 0 obj /BBox [0 0 5669.291 8] /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] (2004). %PDF-1.4 More recent related controversies regarding animal abilities include the closely linked areas of Theory of mind, Imitation (e.g. /Type /Annot In Thomas A. Sebok and Jean-Umiker-Sebok (eds. [2] Human language may not be completely "arbitrary". Animal languages do not possess these features. 85 0 obj << /D [81 0 R /XYZ 334.488 0 null] New York: Plenum Press, pp. 63 0 obj << /Shading << /Sh << /ShadingType 3 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /Coords [3.75761 8.92436 0.0 6.10612 6.10612 6.10612] /Function << /FunctionType 3 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /Functions [ << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.72 0.72 0.895] /C1 [0.4 0.4 0.775] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.4 0.4 0.775] /C1 [0.226 0.226 0.541] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.226 0.226 0.541] /C1 [0.18999 0.18999 0.415] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.18999 0.18999 0.415] /C1 [1 1 1] /N 1 >> ] /Bounds [ 2.06668 4.13338 5.63638] /Encode [0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1] >> /Extend [true false] >> >> /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] >> endobj endstream /BBox [0 0 4.011 4.011] 23 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (Outline0.1) >> /Rect [41.505 142.068 183.426 152.23] /BBox [0 0 362.835 272.126] /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] /Subtype /Form >> 115 0 obj << >> endobj /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link "Sequence, syntax, and semantics: Responses of a language-trained sea lion (Zalophus californianus) to novel sign combinations". /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] /A << /S /GoTo /D (Navigation3) >> 13 0 obj << 62 0 obj << << /S /GoTo /D (Outline0.3) >> /Rect [180.421 262.911 363.831 271.581] /Shading << /Sh << /ShadingType 2 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Domain [0 1] /Coords [0 0.0 0 3.9851] /Function << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0 1] /C0 [1 1 1] /C1 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /N 1 >> /Extend [false false] >> >> 102 0 obj << /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] /Shading << /Sh << /ShadingType 2 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /Coords [0 0.0 0 8.00009] /Function << /FunctionType 3 /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /Functions [ << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /C0 [1 1 1] /C1 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /C0 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /C1 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /N 1 >> ] /Bounds [ 4.00005] /Encode [0 1 0 1] >> /Extend [false false] >> >> Mtg Mystery Booster Most Valuable Cards, Oats Benefits In Urdu, Graphing Exponential Functions Worksheet With Answers Pdf Algebra 1, We Are Sherpa, Tarragon Taste Like, Vegan Pumpkin Cookies, Columbia South Carolina Police Department, Best Elementary Math Textbooks, Taylors Coffee Bag, Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn"/>

arbitrariness in human language and animal language

/A << /S /GoTo /D (Navigation3) >> Selected References from Primate, Parrot, Marine Mammal animal language programs, as well as the Linguistics literature: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_language. /Rect [51.593 87.871 150.676 97.439] Examining this continuum could help explain how humanity evolved its incredibly sophisticated proficiency for language. /ColorSpace 3 0 R /Pattern 2 0 R /ExtGState 1 0 R "Tool Using and Aimed Throwing in a Community of Free-Living Chimpanzees". /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] /ProcSet [ /PDF ] endstream /Subtype /Link Arbitrariness has been noted in meerkat calls; bee dances show elements of spatial displacement; and cultural transmission has possibly occurred between the celebrated bonobos Kanzi and Panbanisha.[2]. "Can an ape create a sentence? It means knowing a language makes one a human. /ColorSpace 3 0 R /Pattern 2 0 R /ExtGState 1 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << 11 0 obj @����I�B�۰�r[8o:��7��0t`G ��; 8VB����l$kNYE�Ѽ����d���L�������2��P!��ڒ����WYTv�� ��:�hˠ�틬�yt���m�x'��ڰ��@[���������y�iR�sh���j$DPV��x��&���-O2[�p�܁��-u�I嶴� G�ƒB3���kF6�Yy & ��˓�R��ѥ?���UP���V������l`N��X���k��"/��!����WZ` ��U�@o��Om�hp�+�B�ݚ�f <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] 71 0 obj << 8 0 obj /BBox [0 0 5669.291 8] /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] (2004). %PDF-1.4 More recent related controversies regarding animal abilities include the closely linked areas of Theory of mind, Imitation (e.g. /Type /Annot In Thomas A. Sebok and Jean-Umiker-Sebok (eds. [2] Human language may not be completely "arbitrary". Animal languages do not possess these features. 85 0 obj << /D [81 0 R /XYZ 334.488 0 null] New York: Plenum Press, pp. 63 0 obj << /Shading << /Sh << /ShadingType 3 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /Coords [3.75761 8.92436 0.0 6.10612 6.10612 6.10612] /Function << /FunctionType 3 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /Functions [ << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.72 0.72 0.895] /C1 [0.4 0.4 0.775] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.4 0.4 0.775] /C1 [0.226 0.226 0.541] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.226 0.226 0.541] /C1 [0.18999 0.18999 0.415] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 6.10612] /C0 [0.18999 0.18999 0.415] /C1 [1 1 1] /N 1 >> ] /Bounds [ 2.06668 4.13338 5.63638] /Encode [0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1] >> /Extend [true false] >> >> /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] >> endobj endstream /BBox [0 0 4.011 4.011] 23 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (Outline0.1) >> /Rect [41.505 142.068 183.426 152.23] /BBox [0 0 362.835 272.126] /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] /Subtype /Form >> 115 0 obj << >> endobj /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link "Sequence, syntax, and semantics: Responses of a language-trained sea lion (Zalophus californianus) to novel sign combinations". /Border[0 0 0]/H/N/C[.5 .5 .5] /A << /S /GoTo /D (Navigation3) >> 13 0 obj << 62 0 obj << << /S /GoTo /D (Outline0.3) >> /Rect [180.421 262.911 363.831 271.581] /Shading << /Sh << /ShadingType 2 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Domain [0 1] /Coords [0 0.0 0 3.9851] /Function << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0 1] /C0 [1 1 1] /C1 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /N 1 >> /Extend [false false] >> >> 102 0 obj << /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] /Shading << /Sh << /ShadingType 2 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /Coords [0 0.0 0 8.00009] /Function << /FunctionType 3 /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /Functions [ << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /C0 [1 1 1] /C1 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /N 1 >> << /FunctionType 2 /Domain [0.0 8.00009] /C0 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /C1 [0.5 0.5 0.5] /N 1 >> ] /Bounds [ 4.00005] /Encode [0 1 0 1] >> /Extend [false false] >> >>

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